Seizure Disorders and Epilepsy
About Seizure Disorders / Epilepsy
A seizure is a brief, excessive discharge of electrical activity in the brain. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that causes people to have recurrent seizures.
Types of Seizures
- Generalized Tonic Clonic (grand mal): Convulsions, muscle rigidity/stiffening, jerking movements.
- Absence (petit mal): Blank stare lasting only a few seconds, sometimes accompanied by blinking or chewing motions.
- Complex Partial: Random activity where the person is out of touch with their surroundings.
- Simple Partial: Jerking in one or more parts of the body or sensory distortions that may or may not be obvious to onlookers.
- Atonic (drop seizure): Sudden collapse with recovery within a minute.
- Myoclonic: Sudden, brief, massive jerks involving all or part of the body.
School Considerations for Students with Seizure Disorders / Epilepsy
If your student has been diagnosed with epilepsy or a seizure disorder, notify your school health office and district Registered Nurse. The district Registered Nurse will provide training to school staff in how to respond to a student with seizures. Additionally, a school health care plan (Español) will be developed to guide staff in seizure management and first aid; this may include administration of medications by trained and delegated school staff.